He depicts people in a dark cave all chained to each other with the light of a fire behind them and all they were able to see was the wall in front of them. Occasionally shadows were cast on the wall. They would assume they were statues of some sort, but how can they describe or say they see something without actually seeing it. This depicts the common non philosopher.
Download this Essay in word format. Socratic dialogue allows us as readers to engage with Plato's text and the many diverse issues the philosopher raises in The Republic. Of the books contained in The Republic, the most engaging proved to be Books 5 and 7.
Book 5 presents one of the earliest recorded feminist arguments, and Book 7 puts us in direct contact with one of the most famous philosophical analogies of all time: I was more surprised to encounter the former than the latter, but both offer rich fruit for discussion.
Moreover, I completely agree with Plato's assessment of the fundamental value and function of education. In a rare display of humor, Plato, through Socrates, points out one of the drawbacks of coeducational gymnasiums: I found this to be as funny as it was refreshing.
I appreciate that Socrates argues logically against sex -segregation and challenges his opponents to validate their sexist arguments. I only believe it is a shame that Plato's views on gender equity failed to become a part of European cultural norms until very recently, and that women continue to struggle for basic human rights around the world.
Plato's cave analogy might, however, account for the biased views that cause sexism, racism, and other prejudicial fallacies. Most people have a sheep-like mind, following what they hear on the news or the latest trends.
Without thinking for themselves or thinking critically, the vast numbers of people remain ignorant or in the proverbial cave. They mistake the shadows on the wall for reality.
This is even more true now than it was for Plato, given the preponderance of media messages and the reduction of the truth to something that can be bought, sold, and manipulated. Only a few people are courageous enough, and willing to work hard enough, to leave the comfort and safety of the cave for the real world beyond it.
Doing so isolates the "enlightened" person from the rest of humanity, but in so doing, the person can gain wisdom and respect. Interestingly, Plato does not even seem to be making a moral judgment for or against living in the cave, for he seems to recognize that some people are simply not interested in leaving.
Finally, one of the most interesting parts of The Republic is when Plato discusses education in Book 3. Education for Plato meant so much more than memorizing facts or passing….Plato - A reaction paper Plato is regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of all time because his thinking still influences contemporary thoughts.
Unlike other authors who vanished in history as a result of the introduction of more progressive scholars, modern authors have built upon the ideas of Plato to come up with their own philosophies.
[In the following essay, Cooke comments on Plato's view of the role of philosophy in everyday life, stating that for Plato, philosophy is not an abstract concept, but one that draws from all. Plato’s Five Regimes: Understanding The Classical Forms of Government as Presented By Plato. it is actually pretty darn useful as a realist guide to modern governments-in-action and as an idealist guide to the philosophy behind ideal utopian So this table shows an Aristotelian version of Plato’s theory.
Correct (lawful) Deviant. Plato Review Plato’s distinction between body and soul in the foundation unit so that you can make comparisons with the thinking of Hick and of Dawkins.
John Hick Philosophy of Religion (); Death and Eternal Life () * The soul is a name for the moral, spiritual self formed by the interaction of genes and environment.
Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic - Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Plato S Philosophy Reaction Paper. Medieval Professor Heather Lusty 13 July The questions that were posed: Plato or Aristotle, What are the differences in the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle?
Which philosophy might have been the better one to live by in the era? Give examples and details to .