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The pictograph for woman, as seen above became. Written language was the product of an agrarian society. These societies were centered around the cultivation of grain. A natural result of the cultivation and storage of grain is the production of beer.
It is not surprising, therefore, that some of the very oldest written inscriptions concern the celebration of beer and the daily ration alotted to each citizen.
Early cylinder seal depicting beer production It's tempting to claim that the development of a writing system was necessitated by the need to keep track of beer, but perhaps we can be satisfied that it was just part of it. The signs of the Sumerians were adopted by the East Semitic peoples of Mesopotamia and Akkadian became the first Semitic language and would be used by the Babylonians and Assyrians.
The Akkadian characters continued to represent syllables with defined vowels. For the next step toward the development of an alphabet, we must go to Egypt where picture writing had developed sometime near the end of the 4th millennium BC.
The name appears as two syllabic figures between the cows' heads on the Kings cosmetic pallete. First glyph "Nar" Egyptian "monster fish," "cuttle fish. Some hieroglyphs were biliteral, some triliteral.
Others were determinatives that at the end of the word gave a sense of the word and others were idiographs. Eventually, however, certain Egyptian hieroglyphs such as which was pronounced r'i meaning "mouth" became the pictograph for the sound of R with any vowel.
The pictograph for "water" pronounced nu became the symbol for the consonantal sound of N. This practice of using a pictograph to stand for the first sound in the word it stood for is called acrophony and was the first step in the development of an ALPHABET or the "One Sign-One sound" system of writing.
The Egyptian consonants were:Mesopotamia. The civilization known as the Sumerians, developed in the Mesopotamia era, are considered to be the first culture to become civilized.
As the Sumerians settled in Mesopotamia, a class structure gradually took shape which /5(1). Essay on The History of the Mesopotamian Civilization. Objective Questions: Three significant achievements of the Mesopotamian civilization were the wheel, .
Mesopotamia and Egypt At the time of the rise of the first civilizations, both Mesopotamia and Egypt were dominant civilizations. One could argue that the first civilizations had various similarities, but they also had many differences, that of which made them early civilizations.
Ancient world Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Birth control and abortion are well documented in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. (See History of abortion.)The Ebers Papyrus from BC and the Kahun Papyrus from BC have within them some of the earliest documented descriptions of birth control, the use of honey, acacia leaves and lint to be placed in the vagina to block sperm.
By B.C., Mesopotamian civilization had made contact with other cultures of the Fertile Crescent (a term first coined by James Breasted in ), an extensive trade network connecting Mesopotamia with the rest of Ancient Western Asia. Again, it was the two rivers which served as both trade and transportation routes.
Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization.
A Critical Review of the Evidence of Archaeology, Anthropology, History and Comparative Religion: According to the Most Reliable Sources and Authorities.