South Africa Karin Weyera For the past decade, a concerted effort to reform TB control in South Africa has resulted in changes in case-finding and treatment policies, standardization of recording and reporting systems, and monitoring of the performance of control programmes using pre-defined indicators; these changes were all made in line with the internationally recommended DOTS strategy. The essential elements of the revised strategy, 1 implemented in after TB was declared a national emergency, include bacteriological confirmation of disease, standardized first-line treatment regimens that are exclusively based on fixed-dose combination formulations and an electronic recording and reporting system. Expansion of the DOTS strategy followed rapidly:
Depending on the area where you live, there are different counseling and testing places from which to choose. These options include publicly funded HIV testing centers, community health clinics, sexually transmitted disease STD clinics, family planning clinics, hospital clinics, drug treatment facilities, TB clinics, and your doctor's office.
In making your choice, you may want to consider these factors: If you have been to a particular place for health care before for other reasons, you may feel more comfortable with the staff who will counsel you and offer you testing.
If the center can provide immune system monitoring and medical care if you are infected with HIV, it might speed up the beginning of your medical treatment.
Some counseling and testing centers offer special features. For instance, if you use drugs, you can receive counseling, testing and help for addiction at a drug treatment facility.
At some centers, such as doctor's offices or clinics, information about your test result may become part of your medical record and may be seen by healthcare workers, insurers, or employers.
Your status may become known to your insurance company if you make a claim for health insurance benefits or apply for life insurance or disability insurance.
If any health care provider proposes to test you for HIV antibodies, discuss the reasons and the potential benefits before deciding whether or not to take the test. Do not go to a hospital emergency room to be counseled and tested. You should go to an emergency room only if you have a health problem that demands urgent attention.
Also, do not give blood at a blood donation center as a way to get tested for HIV antibodies. Blood donation centers are not HIV-antibody counseling and testing centers and should not be used as such.BackgroundData from randomized trials are lacking on the benefits and risks of initiating antiretroviral therapy in patients with asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who have.
Learn HESI case study HIV with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of HESI case study HIV flashcards on Quizlet. That HIV causes AIDS has been the officially sanctioned view for about 3 decades, believed almost universally but questioned openly by thousands of people.
A comprehensive reading of the mainstream literature together with analysis of mainstream data demonstrates conclusively that HIV is neither a necessary nor a sufficient cause of AIDS. Data & Statistics.
Tuberculosis Cases and Case Rates, Surveillance Summaries, Trends in TB (Fact Sheet), Interactive TB Data Tool (OTIS), NCHHSTP Atlas, National TB Indicators. srmvision.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
Various fringe theories have arisen to speculate about purported alternative origins for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with claims ranging from it being due to accidental exposure to supposedly purposeful acts.
Several inquiries and investigations have been carried out as a result, and each of these theories have consequently been.