The American Civil War, —, resulted from long-standing sectional differences and questions not fully resolved when the United States Constitution was ratified inprimarily the issue of slavery and states rights. Over the course of the Civil War weapons ranged from obsolete flintlocks to state-of-the-art repeaters. During the Civil War, women took on new roles, including running farms and plantations and spying; some disguised themselves as men and fought in battle. In the decades following the conflict, those who did not wish to upset adherents of either side simply called it The Late Unpleasantness.
Certainly much of what men and women have said about their deeds through the ages has contained at least some element of deception, much of it intentional, much more self-deceptive. Every human act carries with it the potential for lies, misinformation, or delusion, as one generation passes its story on to the next.
The greatest events produce the greatest body of falsehoods, half-truths, and misconceptions. It should hardly come as a surprise, then, that the Civil War was a veritable treasure chest of inventions, tall tales, and myths, all of them still passed on today, in good faith, as fact.
Most have at least a grain of truth at their core, buried beneath the embellishments.
Some tales actually spring from a moment of fact. At New Market, Virginia,on May 15,a small force of Confederates handed a dramatic defeat to a larger army of Yankee invaders. A small portion of that Rebel command-just men, to be exact-was the corps of cadets of the Virginia Military Institute.
Although they made up less than six percent of the Confederate force at New Market, they are today almost all that is remembered of the 4, men engaged, and largely because of myth engrafted on a speck of truth, the way an oyster turns a grain of sand into a pearl.
Major General John C. They acted manfully and went forward with the rest. Moments after he left it, the VMI boys surged over the gun and exulted in their prize.
Those are the facts. Yet within days newspaper accounts in the South would have the boys engaged in bitter hand-to-hand fighting, of which there was virtually none on that part of the battlefield, and certainly not by the cadets. Not one contemporary account mentioned that the gun had been left behind, and only by chance in their line of march.
Then the cadets themselves got into the act. Suddenly one gun had become all six. Von Kleiser did lose a second gun, but elsewhere on the field and not to the cadets.
But such distinctions were lost on the generation that came after the war, and by the s the impression was firmly planted that the VMI cadets had held a vital place in the Confederate line under intense hand-to-hand fighting and in surging forward, virtually alone, had captured a whole battery and single-handedly given the South a victory.
Thus are legends born. The story first appeared in Century Magazine intold by Charles Norton, the bugler to whom Butterfield gave the notes. But Norton misinterpreted what Butterfield had done, thinking the general himself had composed the music, when in fact Butterfield had only copied an old tattoo that dated back at least to Butterfield merely slowed the tempo and changed the emphasis of some notes.
He later said so himself, but the myth was already in full sway and still is today. From good-faith misinterpretation, it is but a small step to willful misrepresentation. No one illustrates that better than Anna Ella Carroll of Maryland.
She sought to run in high circles before the war, numbering among her acquaintances such men as President James Buchanan, future Confederate president Jefferson F. Davis, John Breckinridge, and others. When the war came, Carroll turned to advising the Union government on military strategy, or so she claimed.
Then on January 10,we are told, she presented to the War Department a plan for using the Tennessee River as a pathway for invading the South. It immediately caught fire. Lincoln embraced it and ordered Major General Henry Halleck to put it into operation. Halleck sent Brigadier General Ulysses S.
It is pure bunk, of course. She may have written such a letter, but there is no record of its receipt in the War Department or any other branch of the Lincoln government.
Nor is there any contemporary record of its being discussed. In short, like a host of other charlatans and crackpots who proposed ideas that were already obvious to the military, she wanted money, and a lot of it.
Particularly she claimed the sponsorship of Benjamin Wade, the influential senator from Ohio. As late as she was still suing for money from Congress-and being turned down.
Her case even became an early cause c? Other myths resulted from outright hoax.The Battle of Gettysburg, fought in July , was a Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North.
The Battle of Gettysburg (locally /ˈɡɛtɪsbɜːrɡ/, with an /s/ sound) was fought July 1–3, , in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. 10 most important events of the civil war time period Timeline created by facebooker_ In History.
Apr 12, The Battle of Hampton Roads was the most famous and well-known naval battle of the Civil War. It was also the first battle between two ironclad ships, the Monitor and the Merrimack.
The Battle of Gettysburg .
The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the Civil War, costing the Union 23, killed, wounded, or missing in action. Gettysburg Address during the dedication of . Gordon C. Rhea is considered a foremost expert on the Overland srmvision.com is the author of numerous books and articles on the battles of Cold Harbor, North Anna, Spotsylvania Court House and the Wilderness, as well .
Check the historical battle of Gettysburg map to see where the events in the battle of Gettysburg timeline occured. Civil War facts make more sense when you can visualize where things happened. Civil War facts make more sense when you can visualize where things happened.